Large-scale forest loss and degradation deprive Tanzanian communities of a potential sustainable income source. This project aims to transform forest governance in Tanzania through a rigorous assessment of limiting factors for community-based forest management (CBFM) and providing practical solutions for up-scaling CBFM. Key activities include surveys to assess current benefits/short-comings, provision of assistance for pilot communities to increase CBFM (gender) equity and benefits, strengthening stakeholder capacity/awareness, and developing a best practice model that can be rolled out to non-CBFM communities. Evidence-based assessment of limiting factors for CBFM. Piloted and trialled approaches for increasing equity, gender balance and sustainable benefits to provide a model for rolling out CBFM to non-CBFM communities.