Objectives of the trip. To visit the Yayu Biosphere in order to better evaluate the feasibility of each project, and assess the net improvement in: income generation for local communities, ecological services, and biodiversity. In particular, the scoping visit would provide an opportunity for consultation with stakeholders, to agree on the priorities and objectives of the projects. This would build on the substantial partnerships already secured by ECFF over the last five years. We will also assess the potential of Buffer Zone planting to mitigate climate change on the local scale. In particular we will be able to better understand the potential for up-slope assisted migration of Arabica populations/plantations, made possible by the re-forestation of the Buffer Zone, in order to preserve livelihoods dependent of coffee production and Arabica genetic resources. This will build on the pioneering work already undertaken by Kew and ECFF (Davis et al., PLOS ONE 7(11): e47981).